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A project dedicated to build LLVM toolchain for 32-bit Arm embedded targets.

ARM-software
ARM-software
pushedAt 2 weeks ago

ARM-software/LLVM-embedded-toolchain-for-Arm

LLVM Embedded Toolchain for Arm

This repository contains build scripts and auxiliary material for building a bare-metal LLVM based toolchain targeting Arm based on:

  • clang + llvm
  • lld
  • libc++abi
  • libc++
  • compiler-rt
  • newlib

Goal

The goal is to provide an LLVM based bare-metal toolchain that can target the Arm architecture family from Armv6-M and newer. The toolchain follows the ABI for the Arm Architecture and attempts to provide typical features needed for embedded and realtime operating systems.

Supported architectures

  • Armv6-M
  • Armv7-M
  • Armv7E-M
  • Armv8-M Mainline
  • Armv8.1-M Mainline
  • AArch64 armv8.0 (experimental)

Components

The LLVM Embedded Toolchain for Arm relies on the following upstream components

Component Link
LLVM https://github.com/llvm/llvm-project
newlib https://sourceware.org/newlib

C++ support

C++ is partially supported with the use of libc++ and libc++abi from LLVM. Features that are not supported include:

  • Exceptions
  • RTTI
  • Multithreading
  • Locales and input/output streams
  • C++17's aligned operator new

License

Content of this repository is licensed under Apache-2.0. See LICENSE.txt.

The resulting binaries are covered under their respective open source licenses, see component links above.

In addition, if the toolchain is cross-compiled to run on Windows (see Cross-compiling the toolchain for Windows for details) several Mingw-w64 runtime libraries residing on your machine may be copied to the bin directory of the toolchain and included in the generated .tar.gz archive if you choose to do so.

The following three libraries are used:

Library Project Link
libstdc++-6.dll GCC https://gcc.gnu.org
libgcc_s_seh-1.dll GCC https://gcc.gnu.org
libwinpthread-1.dll Mingw-w64 http://mingw-w64.org

The libraries are covered under their respective open source licenses.

Contributions and Pull Requests

Contributions are accepted under Apache-2.0. Only submit contributions where you have authored all of the code.

Coding style

The project uses the PEP 8 style guide for all Python scripts. The scripts also must pass pylint and flake8 checks as well as type-checking with mypy.

Use the following commands to check the scripts before submitting a pull request:

$ ./setup.sh
$ ./run-precommit-checks.sh

How to provide feedback/report an issue

Please raise an issue via https://github.com/ARM-software/LLVM-embedded-toolchain-for-Arm/issues

Host platforms

The LLVM Embedded Toolchain for Arm has been built and tested on Linux/Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS.

Getting started

Build the toolchain

Build requirements

  • a suitable compiler toolchain:
    • Clang 6.0.0 or above, or
    • GCC 5.1.0 or above
  • CMake 3.13.4 or above
  • Python version 3.6 or above and python3-venv
  • Git
  • GNU Make
  1. Install typically missing packages. There might be others depending on your setup.
# apt-get install clang # If the Clang version installed by the package manager is older than 6.0.0, download a recent version from https://releases.llvm.org or build from source
# apt-get install python3
# apt-get install python3-venv
# apt-get install git
# apt-get install make
# apt-get install cmake # If the CMake version installed by the package manager is older than 3.13.4, download a recent version from https://cmake.org/download and add it to PATH
  1. Install the build scripts in a python virtual env (in directory venv):
$ ./setup.sh
  1. Activate the virtual environment:
$ . ./venv/bin/activate
  1. Build the toolchain with:
$ build.py

The script supports various command line options. To get a description of all options run:

$ build.py -h

Some notable options include:

  • --revision the LLVM Embedded Toolchain for Arm version. Default version is 13.0.0. The available versions are:
    • 13.0.0 - based on LLVM 13.0.0 and newlib 4.1.0
    • branch-13 - based on the tip of the LLVM 13 branch and newlib 4.1.0
    • HEAD - based on the latest commits in the LLVM and newlib repositories
  • --host-toolchain the toolchain type. The supported values are:
  • --host-toolchain-dir the directory from Step 0 that the toolchain resides in. Default is /usr/bin.
  • --install-dir the LLVM Embedded Toolchain for Arm installation directory. Default is ./install-<revision>.

The build script can optionally take advantage of some tools to speed up the build. Currently, these tools are ccache, and ninja.

$ build.py --use-ccache --use-ninja
  1. By now, you should have a working toolchain in directory <install-dir>/LLVMEmbeddedToolchainForArm-<revision>

Use the toolchain

Once built, you can use the generated config files to configure the compiler correctly. The available config files can be listed with ls <install-dir>/LLVMEmbeddedToolchainForArm-<revision>/bin/*.cfg

$ PATH=<install-dir>/LLVMEmbeddedToolchainForArm-<revision>/bin:$PATH
$ clang --config armv6m_soft_nofp_rdimon -o example example.c

Note that configurations under the nosys or rdimon_baremetal categories require the linker script to be specified with -T:

$ PATH=<install-dir>/LLVMEmbeddedToolchainForArm-<revision>/bin:$PATH
$ clang --config armv6m_soft_nofp_nosys -T device.ld -o example example.c

Test the toolchain

Once the toolchain is built, you can build smoke tests:

$ build.py test

If QEMU is installed and present in your system path, these tests will also be run.

Furthermore, see the samples folder for sample code and instructions on building, running and debugging.

Cross-compiling the toolchain for Windows

The LLVM Embedded Toolchain for Arm can be cross-compiled to run on Windows. The compilation itself still happens on Linux. In addition to the prerequisites mentioned in the Build the toolchain section you will also need a Mingw-w64 toolchain based on GCC 5.1.0 or above installed. For example, to install it on Ubuntu Linux use the following command:

# apt-get install mingw-w64

Then use build.py to build the toolchain:

$ build.py --host-toolchain mingw

Cross-compilation still requires a native toolchain, i.e. a compiler toolchain that produces binaries that run on the build machine. The native toolchain can be specified using the following options:

  • --native-toolchain the toolchain type. Either clang or gcc. Default is clang.
  • --native-toolchain-dir the directory that the toolchain resides in. Default is /usr/bin.

For example:

$ build.py --host-toolchain mingw \
           --native-toolchain gcc \
           --native-toolchain-dir /opt/gcc-latest/bin

The script will prompt you whether it should copy the Mingw-w64 runtime libraries from your local machine to the toolchain bin directory. The libraries are distributed under their own licenses, this needs to be taken into consideration if you decide to redistribute the built toolchain.

To avoid an interactive prompt use the --copy-runtime-dlls command line option, for example:

$ build.py --host-toolchain mingw --copy-runtime-dlls no

Known limitations

  • Depending on the state of the components, build errors may occur when --revision HEAD is used.

Divergences from upstream

newlib:

  • Clang does not support the naked attribute on C functions, breaking the Linux startup (out of scope).
  • Target triple ending with eabi is not considered an ELF target.

LLVM:

  • Recognize [email protected] in a config file argument to mean the directory of the config file, allowing toolchain relative paths.
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